The Himalaya has been at the centre of Hindu mythology. Due ot its peaceful environment and inaccessibility, the land has always been treated as the abobe of the Gods.The temples of Lord Vishnu, Lord Shiva and goddess Shakti are found all over Uttarakhand. These Gods are addressed by the loclnaves in their respective localities and at many places they are worshipped as local gods. Thus lord shiva is also called Binsar or Nirankar and Lord Vishnu is worshipped as Nagraja.
Several temples are found in Uttarakhand that were built by local rulers in different ages. The simplicity of these temples and their gaunt architectural plan, amidst the serenity ad calmness of pristine natural surroundings create a soothing effect on the mind of the visitor. Broadly speaking, all the temples of Uttarakhand can be categorized into three styles on the basis of their laying plans-
1. Devkul – Temples are made for the whole family of deities (devkul) and housed along with the main temple in a single compound. The temples of Jageshwar, Tungnath, Kedarnath, Adi Badri belong to this class.
2. Ashram – In this class, there is only one main temple surrounded by a well – demarcated wall.
3. Panchayatan – In this plan, four small temples are built at the four corners of the main temple at some distance.
Though temple pillars estimated to be from the 1st century AD have been excavated near Byandhura, an ordered series of temple the 6th century AD, even before the reign of the Katyuri dynasty.